HIV/AIDS and the Eye

World AIDS Day

The first World AIDS Day was held in 1988 after health ministers from around the world met in London, England and agreed to such a day as a way of highlighting the enormity of the AIDS pandemic and nations’ responsibility to ensure universal treatment, care and support for people living with HIV and AIDS.

The theme for World AIDS Day 2014 Is ”Getting to zero.” Zero New HIV Infections. Zero Discrimination and Zero AIDS-related deaths.

HIV /AIDS and the Eye

Ocular manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are common.
Up to 70% of persons living with significant immune deficiency due to HIV/AIDS encounter HIV associated eye disorders.

A non exhaustive list of these eye problems can be found below:
– Various infections of the eye (herpes etc.)
– Dry eyes
– Cataracts
– Kaposi’s sarcoma
– HIV retinopathy
– CMV retinitis (Cyto-Megalo-Virus)
– Retinal detachment etc.

Every person living with HIV should therefore periodically go for a complete eye and fundus examination by his ophthalmologist.

The following symptoms require a visit to the ophthalmologist as soon as possible:
– sudden blurring or loss of vision
– seeing ‘floaters’
– flashes of bright light

You can check your own eyesight for any distorted, blurred or obscured areas while reading a page of a newspaper.

The best way to prevent serious eye problems is to take HIV treatment to boost your immune system.

This entry was posted in Blindness, Cataract, CMV, HIV/AIDS, Retinal detachment, World Aids Day and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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